Weather Service Report


003 
AXUS76 KSTO 202043
DGTSTO

CAC003-005-007-009-011-017-021-033-035-057-061-063-067-077-089-091
-09 5-099-101-103-109-113-115-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO CA
130 PM PDT THU MAR 20 2014

...DROUGHT STATE OF EMERGENCY CONTINUES FOR CALIFORNIA...

SYNOPSIS...
GOVERNOR BROWN DECLARED A DROUGHT STATE OF EMERGENCY FOR CALIFORNIA 
ON JANUARY 17. THE US DROUGHT MONITOR IS INDICATING AN EXTREME 
DROUGHT (CLASSIFICATION D3) FOR ALL OF INTERIOR NORTHERN CALIFORNIA. 
THE DROUGHT CLASSIFICATIONS ARE DUE IN LARGE PART TO THE 
PRECIPITATION DEFICIT...LOW RESERVOIR LEVELS AND INCREASING LOCAL 
IMPACTS. SEVERAL COUNTIES HAVE ISSUED LOCAL DROUGHT EMERGENCY 
PROCLAMATIONS INCLUDING GLENN...LAKE...SAN JOAQUIN... 
SUTTER...TUOLUMNE AND YUBA.  SEVERAL SPECIAL DISTRICTS HAVE ISSUED 
LOCAL EMERGENCY DECLARATIONS INCLUDING LAKE DON PEDRO COMMUNITY 
SERVICES DISTRICT...PLACER COUNTY WATER AGENCY... TWAIN HARTE 
COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT AND TUOLUMNE UTILITY DISTRICT. COUNTY 
DROUGHT TASK FORCES HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED IN 
BUTTE...PLACER...PLUMAS...SAN JOAQUIN...STANISLAUS...SUTTER AND 
TUOLUMNE COUNTIES TO COORDINATE LOCAL DROUGHT RESPONSE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...
GOVERNOR BROWN ASKED FOR A STATEWIDE VOLUNTARY 20% WATER USAGE 
REDUCTION. HOWEVER NUMEROUS WATER RESTRICTIONS AND WATER 
CONSERVATION PROGRAMS ARE ALREADY BEING IMPLEMENTED BY LOCAL 
AUTHORITIES.  FEDERAL CENTRAL VALLEY WATER PROJECT AND STATE WATER 
PROJECTS ALLOCATIONS ARE 0 PERCENT TO AGRICULTURE USERS SOUTH OF THE 
DELTA AND 50 PERCENT FOR ALL MUNICIPAL AND INDUSTRIAL USERS. IF THIS 
SPRING CONTINUES TO BE DRY EVEN MORE SIGNIFICANT IMPACTS WILL OCCUR 
THROUGH THE YEAR. 

AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS FROM THE DRY CONDITIONS INCLUDE THE NEED TO 
HAUL FEED AND WATER TO GRAZING LANDS. THERE ARE NUMEROUS REPORTS OF 
CATTLE BEING SOLD BECAUSE IT IS TOO EXPENSIVE TO KEEP THEM FED AND 
WATERED. LIMITED HAY PRODUCTION AND INCREASED SALT BUILD UP IN SOIL 
WILL SEVERELY LIMIT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION BY RANCHERS AND FARMERS 
RESULTING IN FEWER JOBS AND LESS REVENUE. SOME FARMERS ARE REMOVING 
TREES FROM THEIR ORCHARDS OR LEAVING THEIR LAND UNPLANTED. WINTER 
DRYLAND CROPS ARE STUNTED OR FAILED TO PRODUCE DUE TO THE LACK OF 
WINTER RAINS. DISCUSSIONS CONTINUE OF FARMERS PLANTING TO FALLOW 
MANY ACRES OF FARMLAND. NO ONE HAS YET COMMITTED TO HOW MUCH 
ACREAGE, AS THE FARMERS ARE STILL HOLDING OUT HOPE FOR A MICACLE 
RAIN OR EXTRA WATER ALLOCATION.

AS OF AUGUST 22ND 2013...ALL THE COUNTIES WITHIN NORTHERN INTERIOR 
CALIFORNIA HAVE BEEN DESIGNATED TO BE PRIMARY NATURAL DISASTER AREAS 
BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DUE TO DAMAGES AND LOSSES 
CAUSED BY THE DRY CONDITIONS. GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS INCLUDE ASSISTANCE 
PAYMENTS AND EMERGENCY LOANS FOR FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
LITTLE PRECIPITATION FELL OVER INTERIOR NORTHERN CALIFORNIA IN 2013. 
2013 WAS THE DRIEST CALENDAR YEAR IN 119 YEARS OF RECORD FOR THE 
SIERRA WITH ONLY 10.35 INCHES...WHICH IS ABOUT 30 PERCENT OF NORMAL. 
2013 IS ALSO THE THIRD DRY YEAR IN A ROW FOR NORTHERN CALIFORNIA. 
2014 IS SHAPING UP TO BE ANOTHER DRY YEAR IN CALIFORNIA. JANUARY WAS 
BELOW NORMAL AND FEBRUARY PRECIPITATION WAS ABOVE NORMAL. MARCH 
PRECIPITATION HAS BEEN NEAR NORMAL OVER EXTREME NORTHERN CALIFORNIA 
...BUT BELOW NORMAL FOR THE CENTRAL AND SOUTH.  

THE MARCH 16TH 2014 STATEWIDE SNOWPACK MEASUREMENTS RECORDED A 
MEASLY 27% OF THE APRIL 1ST AVERAGE. THE SNOW WATER EQUIVALENT IS 
30% OF THE APRIL 1 AVERAGE AND 33% OF NORMAL AS OF MARCH 6TH. 

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...A SERIES OF STORM SYSTEMS MAY 
PROVIDE ADDITIONAL PRECIPITATION DURING THE LAST TWO WEEKS OF MARCH. 
THE OUTLOOK FOR APRIL INTO THE SPRING IS FOR CONTINUED BELOW NORMAL 
PRECIPITATION FOR MOST OF CALIFORNIA. THERE IS A HIGHER PROBABILITY 
OF ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR APRIL AND THROUGH SPRING ACCORDING 
TO THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER. 

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
RESERVOIR LEVELS FOR THE SACRAMENTO RIVER BASIN ARE 66 PERCENT OF 
AVERAGE AND THE SAN JOAQUIN BASIN IS AT 65 PERCENT OF AVERAGE AS OF 
FEBRUARY 28TH.  
 
THESE NUMBERS INCLUDE THE WATER AVAILABLE IN SMALLER RESERVOIRS IN 
THE UPPER SIERRA WHICH ARE DOING BETTER THAN THE LOWER 
ELEVATION/LARGER RESERVOIRS.  DUE TO THE LACK OF SNOWPACK AND THE 
ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES THE SPRING SNOWMELT IS UNDERWAY, A MONTH 
EARLY. NO SPRING SNOWMELT FLOODING IS EXPECTED. 

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...THE NEXT SCHEDULED PRODUCT WILL BE ISSUED IN 
MID APRIL OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT 
CHANGES IN CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEBSITES...
CALIFORNIA DATA EXCHANGE CENTER:  HTTP://CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER:  HTTP://WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV/
DROUGHT MONITOR:  HTTP://DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML 
CALIFORNIA DROUGHT PAGE:  
HTTP://WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/WATERCONDITIONS/DROUGHT 
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER:  HTTP://WWW.CPC.NOAA.GOV/INDEX.PHP 
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO:  HTTP://WWW.WRH.NOAA.GOV/STO/ 
NWS CA DROUGHT INFORMATION RESOURCES: 
HTTP://WWW.WRH.NOAA.GOV/WRH/DROUGHTCA.PHP
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES:  HTTP://WWW.ACWA.COM

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER
DROUGHT MONITOR
CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES
CALIFORNIA STATE CLIMATOLOGIST
US BUREAU OF RECLAMATION
CAL FIRE
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES
LOCAL COUNTIES AND CITIES

QUESTIONS AND COMMENTS...PLEASE REFER ALL QUESTIONS TO 
W-STO.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV. 

$$

SHOEMAKER/OSBORNE/MATTHEWS/MEAD













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