Weather Service Report


605 
AXUS76 KSTO 300644 CCA
DGTSTO

CAC003-005-007-009-011-017-021-033-035-057-061-063-067-077-089-091 
-095-099-101-103-109-113-115-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO CA
1000 PM PST MON DECEMBER 29 2014

...DROUGHT STATE OF EMERGENCY CONTINUES FOR CALIFORNIA...

SYNOPSIS...
GOVERNOR BROWN DECLARED A DROUGHT STATE OF EMERGENCY FOR CALIFORNIA 
ON JANUARY 17, 2014. ON APRIL 25, 2014 GOVERNOR BROWN ISSUED A 
PROCLAMATION ON THE CONTINUATION OF THE DROUGHT EMERGENCY. THIS 
EXECUTIVE ORDER STRENGTHENED THE STATE'S ABILITY TO MANAGE WATER AND 
HABITAT EFFECTIVELY IN DROUGHT CONDITIONS AND CALLED FOR ALL 
CALIFORNIANS TO REDOUBLE THEIR EFFORTS TO CONSERVE WATER. ACCORDING 
TO THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR, ALL OF INLAND CALIFORNIA REMAINS AT 
D3-EXTREME DROUGHT WITH THE SAN JOAQUIN AND SIERRA REMAINING IN 
EXTREME D4. THE IMPROVEMENTS ARE A RESULT OF THE VERY IMPRESSIVE 
RAINFALL AMOUNTS OBSERVED WITH THE DECEMBER 11-12 STORM. THE DROUGHT 
CLASSIFICATIONS ARE DUE IN LARGE PART TO THE PRECIPITATION DEFICIT, 
LOW RESERVOIR LEVELS AND LOCAL IMPACTS. 

SEVERAL COUNTIES HAVE ISSUED LOCAL DROUGHT EMERGENCY PROCLAMATIONS 
IN RESPONSE TO THE DETERIORATING SITUATION INCLUDING GLENN, LAKE, 
SAN JOAQUIN, SHASTA, SUTTER, TUOLUMNE AND YUBA. THREE CITIES 
CONTINUE IN A DROUGHT EMERGENCY, LIVE OAK IN SUTTER COUNTY AND BOTH 
LODI AND RIPON IN SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY. SEVERAL SPECIAL DISTRICTS HAVE 
ISSUED LOCAL EMERGENCY DECLARATIONS INCLUDING LAKE DON PEDRO 
COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT, NEVADA IRRIGATION DISTRICT, PLACER 
COUNTY WATER AGENCY, TWAIN HARTE COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT,  
MOUNTAIN HOUSE COMMUNITY SERVICE DISTRICT AND TUOLUMNE UTILITY 
DISTRICT. COUNTY DROUGHT TASK FORCES HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED IN BUTTE, 
LAKE, NEVADA, PLACER, PLUMAS, SACRAMENTO, SAN JOAQUIN, STANISLAUS, 
SUTTER, TEHAMA, TUOLUMNE AND YOLO COUNTIES TO COORDINATE LOCAL 
DROUGHT RESPONSE. THE GOVERNORS DROUGHT TASK FORCE MEETS DAILY TO 
TAKE ACTIONS THAT CONSERVE WATER AND COORDINATE STATE RESPONSE TO 
THE DROUGHT.

LOCAL WATER AGENCIES HAVE ENACTED MANDATORY OR VOLUNTEER WATER 
RESTRICTIONS ACROSS THE STATE. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SPECIFIC 
LOCAL WATER AGENCIES USAGE RESTRICTIONS PLEASE VISIT 
HTTP://WWW.ACWA.COM/CONTENT/LOCAL-DROUGHT-RESPONSE. 

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...
AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS INCLUDE SOME FARMERS REMOVING TREES FROM THEIR 
ORCHARDS OR LEAVING THEIR LAND UNPLANTED. SUTTER COUNTY HAS REPORTED 
THE LOSS OF 1100 AGRICULTURAL JOBS RELATED TO THE DROUGHT.

GOVERNOR BROWN ASKED FOR A STATEWIDE VOLUNTARY 20% WATER USAGE 
REDUCTION. HOWEVER NUMEROUS WATER RESTRICTIONS AND WATER 
CONSERVATION PROGRAMS ARE ALREADY BEING IMPLEMENTED BY LOCAL 
AUTHORITIES. FEDERAL CENTRAL VALLEY WATER PROJECT ALLOCATIONS REMAIN 
AT ZERO. THE STATE WATER PROJECTS ALLOCATIONS WERE INCREASED TO 5% 
TO AGRICULTURE USERS SOUTH OF THE DELTA AND REMAINS AT 50% FOR ALL 
MUNICIPAL AND INDUSTRIAL USERS.

THE STATE WATER BOARD ADOPTED EMERGENCY REGULATIONS TO REDUCE URBAN 
OUTDOOR WATER USE ON JULY 15. THIS ESTABLISHES INDIVIDUAL TEMPORARY 
PROHIBITIONS LIKE LAWN-WATERING THAT CAUSES RUNOFF...HOSING DOWN 
DRIVEWAYS AND USING DECORATIVE FOUNTAINS THAT DON'T RECIRCULATE 
WATER. VIOLATIONS MAY BE PUNISHABLE BY FINES UP TO $500.  

ALL THE COUNTIES WITHIN NORTHERN INTERIOR CALIFORNIA REMAIN 
DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL DISASTER AREAS BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT 
OF AGRICULTURE DUE TO DAMAGES AND LOSSES CAUSED BY THE DRY 
CONDITIONS. GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS INCLUDE ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS AND 
EMERGENCY LOANS FOR FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES HAS PROVIDED OVER 
192,700 BOXES OF FOOD TO JUST OVER 74,000 HOUSEHOLDS TO DATE FOR 
COUNTIES IMPACTED BY THE DROUGHT.  THIS FOOD AID, ENABLED BY 
EMERGENCY DROUGHT LEGISLATION PASSED IN MARCH, IS TARGETED TOWARD 
RESIDENTS ECONOMICALLY IMPACTED BY THE DROUGHT. THE DEPARTMENT IS 
WORKING WITH LOCAL FOOD BANKS TO ENSURE THAT EACH FOOD BANK HAS A 
PLAN TO OUTREACH TO THOSE MOST IMPACTED BY THE DROUGHT.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
2014 WAS THE THIRD DRY WATER YEAR IN A ROW FOR NORTHERN CALIFORNIA. 
ALTHOUGH...SIGNIFICANT RAIN HAS FALLEN OVER PORTIONS OF INTERIOR 
NORTHERN CALIFORNIA THUS FAR THIS WATER YEAR...RAINFALL DEFICITS 
REMAIN LARGE. THESE RAINS HAVE LEAD TO A SMALL IMPROVEMENT IN THE 
DROUGHT AND THE NORTHERN SIERRA 8 STATION PRECIPITATION INDEX 
THROUGH DECEMBER 29TH IS AT 135% OF NORMAL. THE 5 STATION SAN 
JOAQUIN BASIN INDEX LAGS BEHIND AT 73% OF NORMAL SO FAR FOR THE 
WATER YEAR. DESPITE THIS IMPROVEMENT SNOW PACK IS STILL A DISMAL 
47-56% OF NORMAL.  

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK... 
THE RAINY SEASON IS IN PROGRESS FOR NORTHERN CALIFORNIA...WHICH 
TYPICALLY LASTS THROUGH APRIL AND SOMETIMES INTO MAY...ESPECIALLY 
OVER EXTREME NORTHERN AREAS. THUS FAR THE WET SEASON IS OFF TO A 
GOOD START OVER MUCH OF INTERIOR NORTHERN CALIFORNIA. AN EL NINO 
WATCH IS IN EFFECT FROM THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER WITH A 65% 
CHANCE OF A WEAK EL NINO FORMING OVER THE NEXT 1-2 MONTHS AND 
LASTING INTO THE SPRING 2015. HISTORICALLY, WEAK EL NINO EVENTS ARE 
NOT STRONG SIGNALS OF NORTHERN CALIFORNIA PRECIPITATION. 
HOWEVER...THE LONG TERM CLIMATE OUTLOOK FORECAST IS FOR ABOVE NORMAL 
PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF INTERIOR NORTHERN CALIFORNIA THROUGH 
MARCH. A BREAK IN THE RAINY CONDITIONS WILL CONTINUE IN THE SHORT 
TERM WITH SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL UNLIKELY THROUGH JANUARY 7TH. 
TEMPERATURES ARE EXPECTED TO BE ABOVE NORMAL THROUGH THE WINTER. 

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
AREA RESERVOIRS ARE STILL LOW RANGING FROM 23-49% OF CAPACITY.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT SCHEDULED PRODUCT WILL BE ISSUED IN LATE JANUARY OR SOONER 
IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEBSITES...
CALIFORNIA DATA EXCHANGE CENTER:  HTTP://CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER:  HTTP://WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV/
DROUGHT MONITOR:  HTTP://DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML CALIFORNIA 
DROUGHT PAGE:  HTTP://WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/UHJYWATERCONDITIONS/DROUGHT 
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER:  HTTP://WWW.CPC.NOAA.GOV/INDEX.PHP 
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO:  HTTP://WWW.WRH.NOAA.GOV/STO/ 
NWS CA DROUGHT INFORMATION RESOURCES: 
HTTP://WWW.WRH.NOAA.GOV/WRH/DROUGHTCA.PHP
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES:  HTTP://WWW.ACWA.COM

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER
DROUGHT MONITOR
CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES
CALIFORNIA STATE CLIMATOLOGIST
US BUREAU OF RECLAMATION
CAL FIRE
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES
LOCAL COUNTIES AND CITIES

QUESTIONS AND COMMENTS...PLEASE REFER ALL QUESTIONS TO 
W-STO.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV. 

$$

SHOEMAKER































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