Weather Service Report


136 
AXUS76 KSTO 290355 CCA
DGTSTO

CAC003-005-007-009-011-017-021-033-035-057-061-063-067-077-089-091 
-095-099-101-103-109-113-115-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO CA
830 PM PDT SUN SEPTEMBER 28 2014

...DROUGHT STATE OF EMERGENCY CONTINUES FOR CALIFORNIA...

SYNOPSIS...
GOVERNOR BROWN DECLARED A DROUGHT STATE OF EMERGENCY FOR CALIFORNIA 
ON JANUARY 17, 2014. ON APRIL 25, 2014 GOVERNOR BROWN ISSUED A 
PROCLAMATION ON THE CONTINUATION OF THE DROUGHT EMERGENCY. THIS 
EXECUTIVE ORDER STRENGTHENED THE STATE'S ABILITY TO MANAGE WATER AND 
HABITAT EFFECTIVELY IN DROUGHT CONDITIONS AND CALLED FOR ALL 
CALIFORNIANS TO REDOUBLE THEIR EFFORTS TO CONSERVE WATER. ACCORDING 
TO THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR, ALL OF INLAND CALIFORNIA REMAINS AT 
D4-EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT AS A RESULT OF THE CONTINUED ACCUMULATION OF 
SMALLER DROUGHT RELATED IMPACTS. THE DROUGHT CLASSIFICATIONS ARE DUE 
IN LARGE PART TO THE PRECIPITATION DEFICIT, LOW RESERVOIR LEVELS AND 
INCREASING LOCAL IMPACTS. 

SEVERAL COUNTIES HAVE ISSUED LOCAL DROUGHT EMERGENCY PROCLAMATIONS 
IN RESPONSE TO THE DETERIORATING SITUATION INCLUDING GLENN, LAKE, 
SAN JOAQUIN, SHASTA, SUTTER, TUOLUMNE AND YUBA. THREE CITIES 
CONTINUE IN A DROUGHT EMERGENCY, LIVE OAK IN SUTTER COUNTY AND BOTH 
LODI AND RIPON IN SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY. SEVERAL SPECIAL DISTRICTS HAVE 
ISSUED LOCAL EMERGENCY DECLARATIONS INCLUDING LAKE DON PEDRO 
COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT, NEVADA IRRIGATION DISTRICT, PLACER 
COUNTY WATER AGENCY, TWAIN HARTE COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT,  
MOUNTAIN HOUSE COMMUNITY SERVICE DISTRICT AND TUOLUMNE UTILITY 
DISTRICT. COUNTY DROUGHT TASK FORCES HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED IN BUTTE, 
LAKE, NEVADA, PLACER, PLUMAS, SACRAMENTO, SAN JOAQUIN, STANISLAUS, 
SUTTER, TEHAMA, TUOLUMNE AND YOLO COUNTIES TO COORDINATE LOCAL 
DROUGHT RESPONSE. THE GOVERNORS DROUGHT TASK FORCE MEETS DAILY TO 
TAKE ACTIONS THAT CONSERVE WATER AND COORDINATE STATE RESPONSE TO 
THE DROUGHT.

LOCAL WATER AGENCIES HAVE ENACTED MANDATORY OR VOLUNTEER WATER 
RESTRICTIONS ACROSS THE STATE. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SPECIFIC 
LOCAL WATER AGENCIES USAGE RESTRICTIONS PLEASE VISIT 
HTTP://WWW.ACWA.COM/CONTENT/LOCAL-DROUGHT-RESPONSE. 

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...
AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS INCLUDE SOME FARMERS REMOVING TREES FROM THEIR 
ORCHARDS OR LEAVING THEIR LAND UNPLANTED. FALLOW FIELDS ARE EVIDENT 
BY THE LACK OF GROWTH IN FIELDS SINCE PLANTING SEASON IS ENDING. 
SUTTER COUNTY HAS REPORTED THE LOSS OF 1100 AGRICULTURAL JOBS 
RELATED TO THE DROUGHT.

LOCAL CREEKS CONTINUE TO DRY UP. THOSE ENTITIES DEPENDENT UPON LOCAL 
RUNOFF ARE ARE SEEING IMPACTS. ONE SUCH ENTITY IS A LOCAL YOLO 
COUNTY GOLF COURSE. WITH THE LOCAL CREEK WATER UNAVAILABLE THE GOLF 
COURSE EXPECTS TO SEE $80-100,000 IN LOSSES DUE TO DROUGHT DAMAGES 
AND LOSS OF REVENUE.

GOVERNOR BROWN ASKED FOR A STATEWIDE VOLUNTARY 20% WATER USAGE 
REDUCTION. HOWEVER NUMEROUS WATER RESTRICTIONS AND WATER 
CONSERVATION PROGRAMS ARE ALREADY BEING IMPLEMENTED BY LOCAL 
AUTHORITIES. FEDERAL CENTRAL VALLEY WATER PROJECT ALLOCATIONS REMAIN 
AT ZERO. THE STATE WATER PROJECTS ALLOCATIONS WERE INCREASED TO 5% 
TO AGRICULTURE USERS SOUTH OF THE DELTA AND REMAINS AT 50% FOR ALL 
MUNICIPAL AND INDUSTRIAL USERS.

THE STATE WATER BOARD ADOPTED EMERGENCY REGULATIONS TO REDUCE URBAN 
OUTDOOR WATER USE ON JULY 15. THIS ESTABLISHES INDIVIDUAL TEMPORARY 
PROHIBITIONS LIKE LAWN-WATERING THAT CAUSES RUNOFF...HOSING DOWN 
DRIVEWAYS AND USING DECORATIVE FOUNTAINS THAT DON'T RECIRCULATE 
WATER. VIOLATIONS MAY BE PUNISHABLE BY FINES UP TO $500.  

THE STATE WATER BOARD HAS ANNOUNCED PROPOSED REGULATIONS THAT WOULD 
REQUIRE CURTAILMENTS ON WATER DIVERSIONS ON MILL CREEK, DEER CREEK 
AND ANTELOPE CREEK IN THE SACRAMENTO VALLEY IF MINIMUM FLOW 
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PROTECTION OF SPECIFIC RUNS OF FEDERAL AND 
STATE LISTED ANDROMOUS FISH CAN NOT BE MET.

ALL THE COUNTIES WITHIN NORTHERN INTERIOR CALIFORNIA REMAIN 
DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL DISASTER AREAS BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT 
OF AGRICULTURE DUE TO DAMAGES AND LOSSES CAUSED BY THE DRY 
CONDITIONS. GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS INCLUDE ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS AND 
EMERGENCY LOANS FOR FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES HAS PROVIDED OVER 
192,700 BOXES OF FOOD TO JUST OVER 74,000 HOUSEHOLDS TO DATE FOR 
COUNTIES IMPACTED BY THE DROUGHT.  THIS FOOD AID, ENABLED BY 
EMERGENCY DROUGHT LEGISLATION PASSED IN MARCH, IS TARGETED TOWARD 
RESIDENTS ECONOMICALLY IMPACTED BY THE DROUGHT. THE DEPARTMENT IS 
WORKING WITH LOCAL FOOD BANKS TO ENSURE THAT EACH FOOD BANK HAS A 
PLAN TO OUTREACH TO THOSE MOST IMPACTED BY THE DROUGHT.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
2014 IS THE THIRD DRY WATER YEAR IN A ROW FOR NORTHERN CALIFORNIA. 
ALTHOUGH...SIGNIFICANT RAIN FELL OVER PORTIONS OF INTERIOR NORTHERN 
CALIFORNIA ESPECIALLY SHASTA COUNTY DURING THE LAST WEEK IN 
SEPTEMBER RAINFALL DEFICITS REMAIN LARGE. THESE RAINS HAVE NOT HAD 
MUCH IMPACT ON THE DROUGHT AND THE NORTHERN SIERRA 8 STATION 
PRECIPITATION INDEX IS STILL ONLY AT 63% OF NORMAL TO DATE. THE 5 
STATION SAN JOAQUIN BASIN INDEX IS ONLY AT 49% OF AVERAGE TO DATE. 

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK... 
WHILE EARLY OCTOBER IS GENERALLY DRY...MID TO LATE OCTOBER IS 
TYPICALLY THE START OF THE RAINY SEASON FOR NORTHERN CALIFORNIA. THE 
FORECAST FOR THE FIRST 10 DAYS IN OCTOBER IS FOR A RETURN TO DRY 
WEATHER WITH NO PRECIPITATION FORECASTED. AN EL NINO WATCH IS IN 
EFFECT FROM THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER WITH A 60-65% CHANCE OF A 
WEAK EL NINO FORMING BY THE LATE FALL OR EARLY WINTER. HISTORICALLY, 
WEAK EL NINO EVENTS ARE NOT STRONG SIGNALS OF NORTHERN CALIFORNIA 
PRECIPITATION AND THE LONG TERM CLIMATE OUTLOOKS FORECAST DRIER THAN 
NORMAL CONDITIONS OCTOBER-DECEMBER WITH NO CLEAR SIGNAL 
JANUARY-MARCH. TEMPERATURES ARE EXPECTED TO BE ABOVE NORMAL THROUGH 
THE FALL AND WINTER. 

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
RESERVOIR LEVELS FOR THE SACRAMENTO RIVER BASIN ARE ABOUT 54% OF 
AVERAGE AND THE SAN JOAQUIN BASIN IS ABOUT 61% OF AVERAGE AS OF JULY 
31ST. 

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...THE NEXT SCHEDULED PRODUCT WILL BE ISSUED IN 
LATE OCTOBER OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT 
CHANGES IN CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEBSITES...
CALIFORNIA DATA EXCHANGE CENTER:  HTTP://CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER:  HTTP://WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV/
DROUGHT MONITOR:  HTTP://DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML CALIFORNIA 
DROUGHT PAGE:  HTTP://WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/UHJYWATERCONDITIONS/DROUGHT 
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER:  HTTP://WWW.CPC.NOAA.GOV/INDEX.PHP 
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO:  HTTP://WWW.WRH.NOAA.GOV/STO/ 
NWS CA DROUGHT INFORMATION RESOURCES: 
HTTP://WWW.WRH.NOAA.GOV/WRH/DROUGHTCA.PHP
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES:  HTTP://WWW.ACWA.COM

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER
DROUGHT MONITOR
CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES
CALIFORNIA STATE CLIMATOLOGIST
US BUREAU OF RECLAMATION
CAL FIRE
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES
LOCAL COUNTIES AND CITIES

QUESTIONS AND COMMENTS...PLEASE REFER ALL QUESTIONS TO 
W-STO.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV. 

$$

SHOEMAKER/OSBORNE/MATTHEWS/MEAD/PETERSON






















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