Weather Service Report


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AXUS75 KREV 231915
DGTREV

DGTREV
NVZ001>041-CAZ070>073-CAZ519>527-290000-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO NV
1215 PM PDT WED APRIL 23 2014

...DROUGHT STATEMENT FOR NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

...SEVERE TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN MOST OF NEVADA AND 
EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

1/ NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATIONS...AS 
OF APRIL 9 2014...ALL COUNTIES IN NEVADA AND ALL CALIFORNIA 
COUNTIES ALONG THE NEVADA BORDER WERE DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL 
DROUGHT DISASTER AREAS BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 
/USDA/. 

ON JANUARY 17 2014 GOV. JERRY BROWN OF CALIFORNIA PROCLAIMED A 
DROUGHT EMERGENCY FOR THE ENTIRE STATE OF CALIFORNIA. THIS ALLOWED 
THE STATE TO SEEK FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND OTHER RELATED HELP FROM 
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THE PROCLAMATION ALSO ALLOWS THE STATE TO 
REQUEST A BROAD EMERGENCY DECLARATION FROM PRESIDENT OBAMA. AN 
EMERGENCY DECLARATION WOULD PROVIDE FOR ADDITIONAL ASSISTANCE FROM 
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.  

SEE WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT /IN LOWER CASE/ FOR MORE INFORMATION ON 
DROUGHT DISASTER DECLARATIONS AND ASSISTANCE. 

2/ CURRENT DROUGHT INTENSITY IN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...
THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR /DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU/ IS UPDATED WEEKLY 
BY THE NATIONAL DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER. IT IS A SYNTHESIS OF 
MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF 
SCIENTISTS IN MANY FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS 
THOSE IN PRIVATE INDUSTRY. 

THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED BY THE USDA TO DETERMINE DROUGHT 
SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT DISASTER AND IS THE MECHANISM USED TO 
PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY. IT IS ALSO THE PRIMARY 
TOOL USED BY THE NEVADA DEPARTMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND 
WATER RESOURCES TO RESPOND TO AND PROVIDE ASSISTANCE FOR DROUGHT AND 
MITIGATE DROUGHT IMPACTS THROUGH ITS DROUGHT RESPONSE PLAN. 
 
AS OF APRIL 15 2014...THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIED MOST OF 
NEVADA AND CALIFORNIA AS IN SEVERE DROUGHT /LEVEL 2 OF 4 LEVELS OF 
DROUGHT/ OR GREATER. THE AREA HARDEST HIT BY THE CURRENT DROUGHT 
REMAINS NORTH CENTRAL...NORTHWEST AND WESTERN NEVADA AND CENTRAL AND 
NORTHEAST CALIFORNIA WHERE DROUGHT SEVERITY RANGES FROM SEVERE 
/LEVEL 2/ TO EXCEPTIONAL /LEVEL 4/.  

THIS AREA OF EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED ALL 
OR PORTIONS OF THE FOLLOWING COUNTIES...

CARSON CITY...CHURCHILL...DOUGLAS...ELKO...EUREKA...HUMBOLDT...
LANDER...LYON...MINERAL...NYE...PERSHING...STOREY AND WASHOE.

THE HARDEST HIT AREAS OF DROUGHT...WHERE IT IS CLASSIFIED AS 
EXCEPTIONAL...ARE EASTERN AND CENTRAL PERSHING...MUCH OF CHURCHILL 
AND WESTERN LANDER COUNTIES.

THE AREAS LEAST AFFECTED BY DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED SOUTHEAST AND 
SOUTH CENTRAL ELKO...EASTERN AND CENTRAL WHITE PINE...CENTRAL 
LINCOLN AND CENTRAL CLARK COUNTY...WHICH WERE CLASSIFIED AS IN 
MODERATE DROUGHT /DROUGHT LEVEL 1/. 

DROUGHT SEVERITY WAS CLASSIFIED AS EXTREME FOR ALL CALIFORNIA 
COUNTIES BORDERING NEVADA FROM MODOC SOUTH TO WESTERN 
INYO...INCLUDING THOSE PORTIONS OF THE LAKE TAHOE BASIN EAST OF THE 
SIERRA CREST.  EASTERN INYO AND A SMALL PART OF SOUTHEAST MONO 
COUNTY WERE CLASSIFIED AS HAVING SEVERE DROUGHT. MUCH OF SAN 
BERNARDINO COUNTY WAS CLASSIFIED AS HAVING SEVERE DROUGHT...WITH THE 
EXCEPTION OF THE EXTREME EASTERN PORTION OF THE COUNTY...WHICH WAS 
CLASSIFIED AS MODERATE DROUGHT AND FAR WESTERN SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY 
WHICH WAS CLASSIFIED AS HAVING EXTREME DROUGHT.  

3/ SYNOPSIS...
NEAR RECORD DRYNESS HAS PREVAILED OVER MUCH OF EASTERN CALIFORNIA 
AND WESTERN NEVADA SINCE APRIL OF 2013.  GOING BACK TO JANUARY 2013 
MUCH OF THE REMAINDER OF CALIFORNIA HAS EXPERIENCED RECORD TO NEAR 
RECORD DRYNESS. SINCE APRIL 2013...PRECIPITATION HAS BEEN BELOW 
NORMAL FOR ALL BUT SMALL PORTIONS OF NORTH CENTRAL...EASTERN AND FAR 
NORTHWEST NEVADA AND ALL BUT A SMALL PORTION OF NORTHEAST 
CALIFORNIA.  ABOVE AVERAGE PRECIPITATION ACROSS NORTHEAST CALIFORNIA 
AND NORTHERN NEVADA BROUGHT THOSE AREAS TO NEAR NORMAL FOR THE PAST 
12 MONTHS...BUT THEY REMAIN BELOW AVERAGE OVER THE PAST TWO YEARS. A 
SMALL PART OF THE LOWER HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN IN HUMBOLDT COUNTY HAS 
RECEIVED MORE THAN 110 PERCENT OF ITS AVERAGE 12 MONTH PRECIPITATION 
SINCE APRIL 2013. 
  
/SEE:HTTP://WWW.WRCC.DRI.EDU/WWDT/ARCHIVE.PHP?FOLDER=PON6PER/ 

THE DRIEST AREAS...THOSE THAT HAVE HAD LESS THAN 60 PERCENT OF 
NORMAL PRECIPITATION SINCE APRIL 2013...INCLUDE WESTERN LASSEN...
CENTRAL AND EASTERN PLUMAS AND WESTERN ALPINE AND WESTERN MONO AND 
MUCH OF SAN BERNARDINO COUNTIES IN CALIFORNIA...AND PARTS OF 
SOUTHERN WASHOE...STOREY...DOUGLAS...CARSON CITY...A SMALL PART OF 
WESTERN PERSHING...CENTRAL NYE AND SOUTHWEST CLARK COUNTIES IN 
NEVADA.

THE AREAS OF NEAR TO SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING THIS 
TIME STRETCH IN AN ARC FROM WHITE PINE COUNTY IN EASTERN NEVADA WEST 
NORTHWEST THROUGH SOUTHERN AND WESTERN ELKO...NORTHERN EUREKA AND 
LANDER COUNTIES INTO SOUTHERN HUMBOLDT AND NORTHERN PERSHING 
COUNTIES...THEN ACROSS NORTHERN WASHOE COUNTY IN NEVADA...THEN INTO 
EASTERN AND NORTHERN LASSEN AND EASTERN MODOC COUNTIES IN CALIFORNIA. 
THERE WERE ALSO SMALL POCKETS OF NEAR NORMAL PRECIPITATION IN LYON 
COUNTY IN NEVADA AND INYO COUNTY IN CALIFORNIA.
 
4/ DROUGHT IMPACTS...
THIS IS THE THIRD WINTER WITH BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR MUCH OF 
THE AREA. THE FOLLOWING IMPACTS...WHILE NOT ALL INCLUSIVE...
REPRESENT SOME OF THE MOST IMPACTFUL EFFECTS OF THE CONTINUING 
DROUGHT ON THE REGION OVER THE THE LAST YEAR. AS WE GET INTO THE 
IRRIGATION SEASON IN EARNEST...FURTHER DROUGHT IMPACTS ARE LIKELY TO 
BE FELT OVER THE REGION.

A/ RANCHING...
MANY RANCHERS IN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA HAVE STRUGGLED TO 
PROVIDE CATTLE WITH WATER...FEED AND OTHER NUTRIENTS. SOME HAULED 
WATER AND FEED TO LIVESTOCK AS THEY WERE NOT AVAILABLE FROM NATURAL 
SOURCES IN MANY AREAS. AS SURFACE WATER SOURCES DISAPPEARED...
SIGNIFICANT WATER SHORTAGES OCCURRED IN SOME AREAS. SOME RANCHERS 
DECREASED HERD SIZE DUE TO THESE DROUGHT CONDITIONS. THERE IS 
INTENSE COMPETITION BETWEEN WILDLIFE AND LIVESTOCK FOR WATER IN SOME 
AREAS. A FEW RANCHERS IN THE HARDEST IMPACTED AREAS OF CENTRAL 
NEVADA HAVE DECIDED TO SELL THEIR RANCHES DUE TO SEVERE ECONOMIC 
LOSSES.  

A NEVADA STATE LEGISLATIVE BILL /SB 134/ TO ALLOW NEVADA LIVESTOCK 
OWNERS IN DROUGHT STRICKEN AREAS EMERGENCY ACCESS TO WATER WAS 
PASSED BY THE NEVADA SENATE AND SIGNED INTO LAW BY THE GOVERNOR IN 
MAY 2013. IT CREATED AN EMERGENCY WATER PERMITTING PROCESS WHICH IS 
AVAILABLE WHEN STATE OR FEDERAL OFFICIALS DECLARE A DROUGHT 
EMERGENCY. RANCHERS SHOULD CONTACT THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WATER 
RESOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION AT HTTP://WATER.NV.GOV/ OR BY PHONE 
AT 775-684-2800.

EARLIER THIS WINTER THE BLM SAID THERE IS THE POTENTIAL FOR GRAZING 
RESTRICTIONS ON PUBLIC LANDS IN NEVADA IF MONITORING SHOWS RESOURCE 
DAMAGE COULD OCCUR AT PERMITTED GRAZING LEVELS.  IF RESTRICTIONS ARE 
NEEDED THEY COULD TAKE THE FORM OF REDUCING LIVESTOCK NUMBERS...
REDUCING THE LENGTH OF GRAZING PERIODS OR CLOSING ALLOTMENTS. THE 
BLM IN NEVADA SPENT 1.1 MILLION DOLLARS IN 2013 ON IMPROVEMENT 
PROJECTS INCLUDING FENCING...NOXIOUS WEED CONTROL...WATER 
DEVELOPMENT...SEEDING AREAS AND MAINTENANCE OF EXISTING 
IMPROVEMENTS. FROM LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL, NV, FEB. 1, 2014.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN 
THE REGION...RANCHERS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FINANCIAL AND 
TAX RELIEF THROUGH USDA. SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES AGENCY WEBSITE 
FOR DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV. 

B/ AGRICULTURE...
FARMERS DID NOT RECEIVE A FULL ALLOCATION OF WATER LAST SUMMER. 
FARMERS IN SOME AREAS WITHOUT ADEQUATE UPSTREAM RESERVOIR STORAGE 
HAD SEVERE RESTRICTIONS IN WATER ALLOCATIONS. THIS CUT LED TO 
DRASTIC REDUCTIONS IN CROP YIELDS AND RESULTING LOSS OF INCOME. SOME 
FARMERS CHOSE NOT TO PLANT CROPS THIS OR NEXT SEASON. 

HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
THE NEVADA DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES IN ELKO NEVADA REPORTED THAT 
MOST IRRIGATORS ALONG THE HUMBOLDT RIVER ABOVE RYE PATCH RESERVOIR 
WERE NOT SERVED ANY WATER DURING THE 2012 OR 2013 IRRIGATION 
SEASONS. ABOVE RYE PATCH...THE HIGHEST WATER RIGHT PRIORITY THAT WAS 
SERVED THIS YEAR WAS 1872...BUT EVEN SOME OF THESE HIGH PRIORITY 
RIGHTS WERE NOT SERVED DUE TO VERY LOW FLOWS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER. 

IRRIGATORS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER BELOW RYE PATCH DAM IN PERSHING 
COUNTY RECEIVED ONLY 8 PERCENT OF THEIR NORMAL ALLOTMENT LAST 
SEASON. AS OF APRIL 14 2014 NO ALLOCATIONS HAVE BEEN SET ON THE 
LOWER HUMBOLDT.  AT THAT TIME RYE PATCH RESERVOIR WAS AT 5 PERCENT 
OF CAPACITY AND THE NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE FORECAST 
A VOLUME OF 3 PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THE MONTHS OF APRIL THROUGH 
JULY AT IMLAY NEVADA. 

THE FIVE COUNTIES OF THE HUMBOLDT RIVER WATER AUTHORITY 
/HUMBOLDT...ELKO...EUREKA...LANDER AND PERSHING/ HAVE REINFORCED THE 
STATE OF NEVADA ACTION DECLARING A DROUGHT RESOLUTION THAT WOULD 
ENCOURAGE NEVADA AND FEDERAL AGENCIES TO COORDINATE TO BEST HANDLE 
DROUGHT IMPACTS IN THE HARD HIT AREAS.

IN DIAMOND VALLEY OF EUREKA COUNTY THERE WERE NOTICEABLE DECREASES 
IN GROUND WATER LEVELS AS RECHARGE WAS NOT OCCURRING... AFFECTING 
SURFACE WATER AND SPRINGS.

WALKER RIVER BASIN...
INITIAL STORAGE WATER ALLOCATIONS FOR THE WALKER RIVER BASIN WERE 
ANNOUNCED ON MARCH 14 2014. WELL BELOW AVERAGE STORAGE IN BRIDGEPORT 
RESERVOIR AND TOPAZ LAKE ALONG WITH A BELOW AVERAGE SNOW PACK IN THE 
UPPER PORTIONS OF THE WALKER BASIN RESULTED IN STORAGE ALLOCATIONS 
SET AT 9.5 PERCENT ON THE EAST WALKER RIVER AND 1.33 PERCENT ON THE 
WEST WALKER RIVER. THE WALKER RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT WAS 
ENCOURAGING WATER RIGHTS HOLDERS TO TAKE THEIR WATER AS SOON AS 
POSSIBLE RATHER THAN WAIT LATER IN THE SEASON. SOME FARMERS 
EXPRESSED CONCERN THAT SUCH LOW ALLOCATIONS MAY NOT JUSTIFY 
DIVERTING THE WATER AS THEIR ALLOCATIONS MAY EVAPORATE BEFORE 
REACHING THEM. RENO GAZETTE-JOURNAL, NV. MARCH 15, 2014. 

THERE WAS SOME CONCERN AS WELL THAT THE STORAGE ALLOCATIONS COULD 
EVAPORATE IN THE RESERVOIRS BEFORE BEING SERVED. IN A CONVERSATION 
WITH THE WALKER RIVER WATERMASTER IN YERINGTON IT WAS NOTED THAT 
SURFACE WATER ALLOCATIONS WILL BE DETERMINED ON A DAILY BASIS THIS 
IRRIGATION SEASON.

CARSON RIVER BASIN...
BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...TRUCKEE CARSON IRRIGATION DISTRICT /TCID/ 
PROVIDED IRRIGATORS WITH ABOUT 75 PERCENT OF THEIR NORMAL ALLOTMENT 
LAST YEAR. DELIVERIES TO MOST OF THE TCID AREA ENDED ON SEPTEMBER 
10. THE END OF IRRIGATION SEASON AND DIVERSIONS FROM THE TRUCKEE 
RIVER HAVE ALLOWED STORAGE TO SLOWLY INCREASE IN LAHONTAN RESERVOIR. 

SOME AREAS BELOW LAHONTAN WERE NOT IN PRODUCTION LAST YEAR...AND 
GRAZING IN THE AREA WAS IN RELATIVELY POOR SHAPE. TCID STATED THAT 
AGRICULTURAL LOSSES IN THE AREA THIS YEAR WERE SUBSTANTIAL.  
MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLY FOR FALLON WAS GOOD.

FLOWS REMAIN LOW ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR THIS YEAR WITH VOLUME 
FORECAST TO BE ONLY 16 PERCENT OF AVERAGE AT FORT CHURCHILL FROM 
APRIL THROUGH JULY.

THE CARSON WATER SUBCONSERVANCY DISTRICT REPORTED THAT MANY FARMS 
IN THE WATERSHED ARE PLANNING ON PUMPING MORE GROUND WATER THIS 
SEASON.  THIS MAY AFFECT THE GROUND WATER LEVELS BY THE END OF 
IRRIGATION SEASON.

TRUCKEE RIVER BASIN...
NO RESTRICTIONS WERE IN PLACE FOR IRRIGATORS OR ANY OTHER USES ON 
THE MAINSTEM TRUCKEE RIVER LAST YEAR...OTHER THAN NORMAL URBAN 
WATERING RESTRICTIONS.  

HOWEVER...IRRIGATORS WHICH RELIED ON FLOWS ON TRUCKEE RIVER 
TRIBUTARIES WITHOUT RESERVOIR STORAGE...SUCH AS ON THE STEAMBOAT 
CREEK-WASHOE LAKE BASIN...ONLY HAD WATER AVAILABLE FOR A SHORT 
PERIOD DURING SPRING RUNOFF.

AS OF THIS WRITING IT IS NOT YET KNOWN OF RESTRICTIONS IN PLACE FOR 
THIS IRRIGATING SEASON...HOWEVER LOW FLOWS ON THE TRUCKEE THIS 
IRRIGATION SEASON COULD IMPACT DELIVERIES TO WATER RIGHTS HOLDERS ON 
THE COCHRANE DITCH.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN 
THE REGION...FARMERS MAY BE ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FINANCIAL AND TAX 
RELIEF THROUGH USDA.  SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES AGENCY WEBSITE FOR 
DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV. 

FARMERS AND RANCHERS IN CALIFORNIA WERE OFFERED 20 MILLION DOLLARS 
IN AID BY THE USDA FOR WATER CONSERVATION PROJECTS. THESE INCLUDED 
SUCH PROJECTS AS UPDATING IRRIGATION METHODS...PREVENTING EROSION 
FROM UNPLANTED FIELDS AND FIGURING OUT BETTER METHODS TO WATER 
LIVESTOCK. FARMERS WHO RECEIVE LESS THAN 15 PERCENT OF THEIR WATER 
ALLOCATIONS WILL BE GIVEN PRIORITY. FROM SACRAMENTO BEE, FEB 15, 
2014.

C/ FIRE DANGER...
PRECIPITATION THROUGHOUT FEBRUARY AND MARCH LEAD TO A REDUCTION IN 
FIRE DANGER ACROSS MOST OF THE REGION BUT WELL ABOVE AVERAGE 
TEMPERATURES AND A LACK OF PRECIPITATION THROUGHOUT MUCH OF APRIL HAS 
SEEN FIRE DANGER INCREASE.  AS OF APRIL 21 2014 FIRE DANGER WAS 
RATED AS HIGH TO VERY HIGH OVER MOST OF NEVADA AND EASTERN 
CALIFORNIA.  FIRE DANGER WAS RATED AS MODERATE IN FAR EASTERN NEVADA 
AND THE SIERRA.  THERE WERE SMALL POCKETS OF EXTREME FIRE DANGER IN 
NYE COUNTY IN NEVADA AS WELL.

FIRE DANGER CLASSIFICATION IS UPDATED DAILY.
SEE HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG FOR CURRENT 
CONDITIONS.

AS OF APRIL 1...THE NIFC FIRE POTENTIAL FORECAST FOR THE REGION WAS 
NORMAL THROUGH MAY. FOR JUNE AND JULY THE FIRE POTENTIAL WAS 
FORECAST AS ABOVE NORMAL FOR MUCH OF EASTERN CALIFORNIA ALONG WITH 
WESTERN AND FAR SOUTHERN NEVADA AND NEAR NORMAL ELSEWHERE.

SEE U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDLAND FIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM WEBSITE FOR 
DETAILS...HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_ 
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF.  

THE CENTRAL LYON COUNTY FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICT IS ENCOURAGING 
RESIDENTS IN LYON COUNTY NV TO ESTABLISH AND MAINTAIN DEFENSIBLE 
SPACE AROUND THEIR PROPERTIES AND PRACTICE SAFETY IN THE WILDERNESS 
AND WITH CAMP FIRES DURING THE DRY CONDITIONS. FROM RENO 
GAZETTE-JOURNAL, NV, MARCH 12, 2014.

THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY HAS BEGUN HIRING SEASONAL 
FIREFIGHTERS EARLIER THAN EVER BEFORE FOR THIS SEASON.  THIS IS A 
RESULT OF AN ALREADY ACTIVE FIRE SEASON IN PARTS OF SOUTHERN AND 
CENTRAL CALIFORNIA. FROM SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE, CA, APRIL 1, 2014.

D/ FISHERIES...
LOW FLOWS CONTINUE TO IMPACT FISHERIES AROUND THE REGION.

NEVADA DIVISION OF FISH AND WILDLIFE REPORTED HIGH IMPACTS TO FISH 
IN LAHONTAN...RYE PATCH...AND OTHER RESERVOIRS THAT ARE SEVERELY 
DRAWN DOWN. THE CARSON...WALKER...HUMBOLDT AND SEVERAL OTHER RIVERS 
AND STREAMS THROUGHOUT THE REGION HAVE ALSO BEEN IMPACTED. 

DROUGHT CONDITIONS PROMPTED THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND 
WILDLIFE TO BEGIN STOCKING RIVERS...STREAMS AND LAKES IN WESTERN 
NEVADA EARLIER THAN IT HAS IN THE LAST 20 YEARS BEFORE THESE WATER 
BODIES BECOME TOO DEPLETED. THE STOCKING OF RAINBOW TROUT BEGAN ON 
THE TRUCKEE RIVER AS EARLY AS FEB 20...FOUR WEEKS EARLY. 
TOPAZ...SPOONER AND MARLETTE LAKES...URBAN PONDS AROUND 
RENO...CARSON CITY AND GARDNERVILLE AND IN PARTS OF NORTHERN WASHOE 
COUNTY...WALL CANYON AND BOULDER RESERVOIRS WILL RECEIVE FISH EARLY 
THIS YEAR. WARM WATER FISH LIKE CATFISH...BASS AND WALLEYE ARE NOT 
EXPECTED TO SURVIVE AT RYE PATCH AND LAHONTAN RESERVOIRS WHERE WATER 
LEVELS ARE LOW. FROM RENO GAZETTE-JOURNAL, NV, FEB 12, 2014.

SEE THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.NDOW.ORG/ 
FOR FISHING CONDITION INFORMATION IN NEVADA.  FOR CALIFORNIA FISHING 
INFORMATION...SEE THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND WILDLIFE 
WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.DFG.CA.GOV/

E/ VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE... 
IN FORESTED AREAS...DROUGHT HAS CAUSED TREES TO BECOME SUSCEPTIBLE 
TO INSECT INFESTATIONS WHICH COULD INCREASE MORTALITY AND FIRE 
DANGER. LESS VEGETATION AND WATER MAY STRESS WILDLIFE CAUSING 
DEHYDRATION...HUNGER...ILLNESS AND DEATH.

THE RENO URBAN FORESTRY COMMISSION REPORTED TREES UNDER DURESS FROM 
THE UNUSUALLY DRY CONDITIONS IN EARLY MARCH. THE COMMISSION IS URGING 
RESIDENTS TO WATER MATURE TREES TO HELP THEM SURVIVE THE DROUGHT. 
THE COMMISSION NOTED AN INCREASE IN TREE DEATHS DURING THE LAST TWO 
YEARS DUE TO DRY CONDITIONS AND INADEQUATE WATER. FROM KRXI CHANNEL 
11, RENO, NV., MARCH 10, 2014.

WARMER WEATHER IN THE SIERRA EARLIER IN THE YEAR PROMPTED SOME BEARS 
TO EMERGE FROM HIBERNATION EARLY...BUT THE DROUGHT HAS LIMITED THEIR 
NATURAL FOOD SOURCES. THERE IS A CONCERN THIS WOULD LEAD BEARS TO 
SEARCH OUT TRASH AND OTHER RESIDENTIAL SOURCES OF FOOD. FROM CBS13, 
SACRAMENTO, CA, JAN 21, 2014.

F/ GROUND WATER...
HIGH EMPHASIS WAS PLACED ON GROUND WATER SUPPLIES IN SOME AREAS AS 
SURFACE WATER DWINDLED LAST SUMMER...CAUSING INCREASED GROUND 
WATER PUMPING. WATER TABLES DECLINED IN SOME AREAS...AND SOME WELLS 
WERE IMPACTED AND WILL NEED TO BE DEEPENED. 

G/ URBAN AREA DROUGHT IMPACTS...
RENO/SPARKS...
THE TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY /TMWA/ SERVING THE RENO AND 
SPARKS NV AREA...ANTICIPATES SUFFICIENT SUPPLIES FOR THIS SUMMER 
SEASON.  THESE SUPPLIES SHOULD MAKE ANY EXTRA WATER CONSERVATION 
MEASURES IN THE RENO=SPARKS AREA UNNECESSARY FOR THE SUMMER. TMWA 
WILL CONTINUE TO ENFORCE THEIR OUTDOOR WATERING SCHEDULE AS IN PAST 
YEARS.  SEE WWW.TMWA.COM/CONSERVATION FOR DETAILS.

LAS VEGAS...
THE SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY /SNWA/ AND THE LAS VEGAS VALLEY 
WATER DISTRICT /LVVWD/ HAS SPRING WATERING RESTRICTIONS IN PLACE 
THROUGH APRIL 30TH...LIMITING LANDSCAPE WATERING TO THREE ASSIGNED 
DAYS PER WEEK. BOTH SNWA AND LVVWD HAD ADEQUATE SURFACE AND GROUND 
WATER RESOURCES TO MEET ALL CONSUMER DEMANDS LAST YEAR. SEE 
WWW.SNWA.COM OR WWW.LVVWD.COM FOR DETAILS.

SNWA APPROVED A PROJECT TO EXTEND THE LIFE OF AN OLD SHALLOW INTAKE 
PIPE AND PUMPING STATION THAT THE LAS VEGAS COMMUNITY NOW USES TO 
DRAW ABOUT 90 PERCENT OF ITS DRINKING WATER SUPPLY FROM LAKE MEAD. 
OFFICIALS DECLARED THE PROJECT TO BE AN EMERGENCY IN SEPTEMBER 
BECAUSE THE U.S. BUREAU OF RECLAMATION ANNOUNCED IN AUGUST THAT THE 
INFLOW TO LAKE MEAD IN 2014 WILL BE THE SMALLEST ANNUAL WATER 
DELIVERY IN THE LAKE'S HISTORY. FROM LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL NV. 
SEPT. 26, 2013.

THE EMERGENCY DROUGHT DECLARATION MADE BY CALIFORNIA GOV JERRY BROWN 
ON JAN 17, 2014 ALLOWS THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA TO TAKE MORE WATER 
FROM LAKE MEAD. THIS COULD LEAD TO WATER RESTRICTIONS IN THE LAS 
VEGAS VALLEY BY 2015. ONCE THE LAKE DROPS TO A LEVEL OF 1075 FEET 
SNWA CAN DECLARE A WATER SHORTAGE. 

TO ALLEVIATE THE PROBLEM OF A LOWER LAKE LEVEL...SNWA IS 
CONSTRUCTING A THIRD INTAKE PIPE THAT SITS DEEPER IN LAKE MEAD. IF 
THIS INTAKE IS NOT COMPLETED PRIOR TO THE FIRST INTAKE BECOMING 
OBSOLETE...OFFICIALS SAY SOUTHERN NEVADA COULD FACE SIGNIFICANT 
PROBLEMS. POWER GENERATION COULD ALSO BE AFFECTED BY THE LOWERING 
LAKE LEVEL. FROM KLAS, LAS VEGAS, NV, JAN 26, 2014. 

H/ TOURISM AND RECREATION IMPACTS...
LOWER WATER LEVELS ON LAKE TAHOE PROMPTED ONE TOUR BOAT OPERATOR TO 
SUSPEND THE OPERATIONS OF ONE OF ITS TWO BOATS DUE TO SHALLOW WATER 
IN ITS DOCKING AREA. THE COMPANY'S OTHER BOAT DOCKS AT A DEEPER 
PORTION OF THE LAKE...BUT IT HAS HAD TO END TOURS OF EMERALD BAY DUE 
TO SHALLOW WATERS AT THE ENTRANCE OF THE BAY. WHILE THE DRY WEATHER 
AND LOWER LAKE LEVELS MAY BE LIMITING THE EXTENT OF TOURS...THE TOUR 
BOAT OPERATOR REPORTS HIGH CAPACITY EACH DAY DUE TO THE MILD 
CONDITIONS...AND RUNNING ONLY ONE OF TWO BOATS HAS REDUCED LABOR 
COSTS. A SEPARATE TOUR COMPANY THAT USES A SMALLER BOAT CAN STILL 
ENTER EMERALD BAY. FROM KTVN NEWS 2 RENO, NV. JAN. JAN 14, 2014.

5/ HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS AS OF APRIL 22, 2014...

STREAMFLOW IS EXPECTED TO BE WELL BELOW AVERAGE LATE THIS WINTER AND 
INTO SPRING REGION-WIDE DUE TO BELOW NORMAL WINTER PRECIPITATION AND 
SNOWFALL. 

A/ SUSAN RIVER...
ON APRIL 22...FLOWS ON THE SUSAN RIVER AT SUSANVILLE WERE ABOUT 66 
CUBIC FEET PER SECOND /CFS/...OR 31 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF 
216 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

B/ PIT RIVER...
ON APRIL 22...FLOWS NEAR CANBY CALIFORNIA...WERE ABOUT 2 CFS...OR 
ABOUT 1 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF 440 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

C/ UPPER FEATHER RIVER...
ON APRIL 22...FLOWS ON THE MIDDLE FORK FEATHER RIVER NEAR PORTOLA 
WERE ABOUT 8 CFS OR 2 PERCENT OF THE 347 CFS AVERAGE FLOW FOR THIS 
DATE.

D/ LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE RIVER BASINS...
APRIL 22 STORAGE ON LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE BASIN RESERVOIRS WAS AS 
FOLLOWS... /NOTE...AF IS ABBREVIATION FOR ACRE FEET/. 

LAKE TAHOE.....157900 AF...21 PCT OF CAPACITY..39 PCT OF APR 30 AVG. 
PROSSER RSVR....11806 AF...41 PCT OF CAPACITY..83 PCT OF APR 30 AVG. 
STAMPEDE RSVR.. 93722 AF...41 PCT OF CAPACITY..59 PCT OF APR 30 AVG. 
BOCA RSVR.......16118 AF...39 PCT OF CAPACITY..59 PCT OF MAR 31 AVG.

APRIL 22 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE 
TRUCKEE RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS... /NOTE...CFS IS ABBREVIATION FOR 
CUBIC FEET PER SECOND/
 
TAHOE CITY... 70 CFS... 42 PCT OF  168 CFS AVERAGE
TRUCKEE......187 CFS... 44 PCT OF  429 CFS AVERAGE
FARAD........620 CFS... 44 PCT OF 1420 CFS AVERAGE
RENO.........530 CFS... 41 PCT OF 1830 CFS AVERAGE  
VISTA........640 CFS... 46 PCT OF 1400 CFS AVERAGE  
WADSWORTH....230 CFS... 21 PCT OF 1080 CFS AVERAGE  
NIXON........225 CFS... 26 PCT OF  882 CFS AVERAGE 

STEAMBOAT CREEK...
APRIL 22 FLOWS ON STEAMBOAT CREEK WERE AS FOLLOWS...

AT STEAMBOAT..........    1 CFS... 1 PCT OF 23 CFS AVERAGE 
AT RENO /SHORT LANE/..    4 CFS...29 PCT OF 14 CFS AVERAGE

E/ CARSON RIVER BASIN ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
APRIL 22 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE 
CARSON RIVER ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WERE AS FOLLOWS...

EAST FK CARSON NR MARKLEEVILLE........490 CFS.. 79 PCT OF 620 CFS AVG 
EAST FK CARSON R NR GARDNERVILLE......542 CFS.. 77 PCT OF 707 CFS AVG 
WEST FK CARSON R AT WOODFORDS.........150 CFS.. 59 PCT OF 253 CFS AVG 
CARSON RVR NR CARSON CITY.............196 CFS.. 29 PCT OF 679 CFS AVG  
CARSON RVR NR FT CHURCHILL............189 CFS.. 31 PCT OF 616 CFS AVG 

CARSON RIVER BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
APRIL 22 STORAGE ON LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WAS 88757 AF...30 PERCENT 
OF CAPACITY...OR 43 PERCENT OF THE APRIL 30 AVERAGE. RELEASE FROM 
LAHONTAN WAS 760 CFS...105 PCT OF THE 722 CFS AVERAGE.  

F/ WALKER RIVER BASIN...
AS OF APRIL 22...STORAGE ON BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR WAS 9400 ACRE 
FEET...22 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...AND 39 PCT OF THE APRIL 30 AVERAGE.
STORAGE ON TOPAZ WAS 9270 AF...16 PCT OF CAPACITY...21 PCT OF THE
APRIL 30 AVERAGE. 

APRIL 22 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE WALKER 
RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS... 

E WALKER RVR BLW BRIDGEPORT RSVR.  22 CFS.. 11 PCT OF 198 CFS AVG 
W WALKER RVR ABV TOPAZ RSVR...... 330 CFS.. 88 PCT OF 373 CFS AVG 
W WALKER RVR BLW TOPAZ RSVR...... 285 CFS.. 85 PCT OF 335 CFS AVG 
WALKER RIVER NEAR MASON.......... 202 CFS.. 55 PCT OF 336 CFS AVG 
WALKER RVR NR WABUSKA............  30 CFS.. 21 PCT OF 146 CFS AVG 
WALKER RVR BLW WEBER DAM NR SCHURZ  0 CFS... 0 PCT OF  83 CFS AVG

G/ HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
IN EARLY APRIL...STORAGE ON RYE PATCH RESERVOIR WAS 9155 ACRE 
FEET...5 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...OR 9 PCT OF THE APRIL 30 AVERAGE. 
  
APRIL 22 FLOWS AT VARIOUS POINTS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN WERE 
AS FOLLOWS... 

MARYS RVR NR DEETH.......... 31 CFS...... 15 PCT OF THE 202 CFS AVG   
HUMBOLDT RVR NR CARLIN......110 CFS...... 15 PCT OF THE 758 CFS AVG 
HUMBOLDT RVR AT PALISADE.... 90 CFS...... 10 PCT OF THE 892 CFS AVG  
HUMBOLDT RVR AT BATTLE MTN .100 CFS...... 13 PCT OF THE 788 CFS AVG  
HUMBOLDT RVR AT COMUS....... 77 CFS...... 10 PCT OF THE 789 CFS AVG 
HUMBOLDT RVR AT IMLAY.......0.2 CFS......  0 PCT OF THE 563 CFS AVG 
HUMBOLDT BLW RYE PATCH DAM..0.4 CFS......  0 PCT OF THE 519 CFS AVG 

H/ JARBIDGE RIVER...
ON APRIL 22...FLOWS ON THE JARBIDGE RIVER AT JARBIDGE NEVADA WERE 50 
CFS...OR 79 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF 63 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

I/ OWYHEE RIVER...
ON MARCH 20...STORAGE ON WILDHORSE RESERVOIR WAS 16480 AF...23 
PERCENT OF CAPACITY AND 33 PERCENT OF THE APRIL 30 AVERAGE.

J/ SOUTHERN NEVADA...
APRIL 21 STORAGE ON LAKE MEAD WAS 11418 THOUSAND AF...44 PERCENT OF 
CAPACITY...AND 57 PERCENT OF THE APRIL 30 AVERAGE.

ON APRIL 22 THE FLOW ON THE COLORADO RIVER NEAR GRAND CANYON ARIZONA 
ABOVE LAKE MEAD WAS 10000 CFS...56 PCT OF THE AVERAGE OF 18000 CFS 
FOR THIS DATE. THE FLOW ON THE VIRGIN RIVER ABOVE LAKE MEAD NEAR 
OVERTON NEVADA WAS 105 CFS...28 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE OF 381 CFS 
FOR THIS DATE.  THE MUDDY RIVER NEAR GLENDALE NEVADA WAS AT 37 
CFS...94 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE OF 40 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

6/ LONG RANGE WEATHER OUTLOOK FOR NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...
FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER... 

THE OUTLOOK FOR THE MONTHS OF MAY THROUGH JULY IS FOR ABOVE TO MUCH 
ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR ALL OF NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA. 
THE OUTLOOK ALSO CALLS FOR EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE...NEAR AND BELOW 
NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR ALL OF NEVADA AND MUCH OF EASTERN 
CALIFORNIA. THE OUTLOOK FOR FAR NORTHEAST CALIFORNIA CALLS FOR BELOW 
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THIS DROUGHT STATEMENT WILL BE UPDATED IN MID TO LATE MAY.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT AND HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS 
MAY BE FOUND AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS.

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR.........................  DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU
NOAA DROUGHT PAGE...WHICH INCLUDES DROUGHT MONITOR......  DROUGHT.GOV
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER.....................  WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

NWS ADVANCED HYDROLOGIC PREDICTION SERVICE...  WATER.WEATHER.GOV/AHPS
USGS HYDROLOGIC MONITORING.....................  WATERWATCH.USGS.GOV

NWS CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER......  WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV

NWS NORTHWEST RIVER FORECAST CENTER........... 
WWW.NWRFC.NOAA.GOV/WS/ 

NWS COLORADO BASIN RIVER FORECAST CENTER........  WWW.CBRFC.NOAA.GOV/

NEVADA NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/

NWS CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG RANGE OUTLOOK MAPS...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/FORECASTS/

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
HTTP://WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/INDEX.HTML

CALIFORNIA DEPT. OF WATER RESOURCES............ CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA WATER CONDITIONS..... WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/WATERCONDITIONS/
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES...........  WWW.ACWA.COM

NEVADA DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES.................. WATER.NV.GOV/
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO................... WEATHER.GOV/RENO 
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ELKO..................  WEATHER.GOV/ELKO 
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LAS VEGAS.........  WEATHER.GOV/LASVEGAS

TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY........................  TMWA.COM
SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY........................  SNWA.COM
LAS VEGAS VALLEY WATER DISTRICT........................ LVVWD.COM

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.........  WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT U.S. 
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FARM SERVICES AGENCY... WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV

U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDFIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM FIRE DANGER CLASS...  
HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG 

NATIONAL SIGNIFICANT WILDLAND FIRE POTENTIAL OUTLOOK... 
HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A SYNTHESIS OF MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND 
IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF SCIENTISTS IN MANY 
FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS PRIVATE FIRMS.  THE 
DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED NATIONWIDE BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF 
AGRICULTURE TO DETERMINE DROUGHT SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT AND 
IS THE MECHANISM USED TO PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY.

INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED FROM NWS AND U.S. 
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OBSERVATION SITES...US BLM...CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA 
DIVISIONS OF WATER RESOURCES AND STATE CLIMATOLOGISTS...NEVADA 
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...PERSHING COUNTY WATER CONSERVATION 
DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER PAIUTE 
TRIBE...FEDERAL WATER MASTERS...TRUCKEE/CARSON IRRIGATION 
DISTRICT...AND NWS OFFICES IN RENO...ELKO AND LAS VEGAS.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT PLEASE CONTACT...

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2350 RAGGIO PKWY
RENO NV 89512
PHONE...775-673-8100
WEATHER.GOV/RENO
REV.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV









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